What is a Document in MongoDB?

MongoDB stores data records as BSON documents. BSON is a binary representation of JSON documents, though it contains more data types than JSON. MongoDB documents are composed of field-and-value pairs. The value of a field can be any of the BSON data types, including other documents, arrays, and arrays of documents.

   _id: ObjectId("5099803df3f4948bd2f98391"), 
  name: { first: "Alan", last: "Turing" }, 
  birth: new Date('Jun 23, 1912'), 
  death: new Date('Jun 07, 1954'), 
  contribs: [ "Turing machine", "Turing test", "Turingery" ], 
  views : NumberLong(1250000) 


Documents — MongoDB Manual. mongodb.com/docs/manual/core/document.