The virtual DOM (VDOM) is a programming concept where an ideal, or “virtual”, representation of a UI is kept in memory and synced with the “real” DOM by a library such as ReactDOM. This process is called reconciliation. During reconciliation, React calculates what exactly has changed without involving the actual DOM and then ensures that the actual DOM only repaints the necessary data.
Virtual DOM and Internals –. (n.d.). React. reactjs.org/docs/faq-internals.html