What are the basic concepts in Laravel?

the basic concepts you need to understand to get started with Laravel:

1. MVC Architecture

Laravel follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern, which separates the application logic into three main components:

  • Model: Handles the data and business logic.

  • View: Responsible for the presentation layer.

  • Controller: Acts as an intermediary between Model and View, handling user input and interactions.

2. Routing

Laravel uses a simple and expressive syntax for defining routes in the routes/web.php and routes/api.php files. Routes map URLs to specific controller actions.

3. Middleware

Middleware provides a way to filter HTTP requests entering your application. They are used for tasks like authentication, logging, and CORS. Middleware can be applied globally or to specific routes.

4. Controllers

Controllers contain the logic for handling requests and returning responses. They group related routes and actions together.

5. Blade Templating Engine

Blade is Laravel's powerful templating engine that allows you to use plain PHP code in your views. It provides features like template inheritance, sections, and components.

6. Eloquent ORM

Eloquent is Laravel’s ORM (Object-Relational Mapper) that simplifies database interactions. Each database table has a corresponding "Model" that is used to interact with that table.

7. Migrations

Migrations are version control for your database, allowing you to define and share the application's database schema. They help in creating, modifying, and managing the database structure.

8. Artisan CLI

Artisan is the command-line interface included with Laravel. It provides a number of helpful commands for application development. You can create models, controllers, migrations, and more using Artisan.

9. Validation

Laravel provides a convenient way to validate incoming HTTP requests with its validation feature. You can validate data directly in the controller.

10. Service Providers

Service providers are the central place of all Laravel application bootstrapping. They are responsible for binding things into the service container, registering event listeners, middleware, and more.

11. Facades

Facades provide a "static" interface to classes that are available in the application’s service container. They provide a simple way to access services.

12. Queues

Queues allow you to defer the processing of a time-consuming task, such as sending an email, until a later time. This can drastically speed up web requests to your application.

13. Events and Listeners

Laravel's event system provides a simple observer implementation, allowing you to subscribe and listen for various events that occur in your application.